Basic Accounting Principles for Small-Business Owners


Accountants in companies do a lot more than just understand the structure of gst. So if you are a small business owner doing the accounting work on your own then you need to learn about the important accounting principles.  Having a small business can be hard, especially when you’re not really sure what’s going on. We’ve been there and experienced the uncertainty. One thing that helps is learning accounting principles at the most basic level. This article will explain the basics behind traditional accounting and give you some tips on how to use them in your own day-to-day activities.

1. Accruals

Accruals are the principle of accounting that you have to record all expenses as they occur, whether they’re paid or not. Accrual accounting is the standard method of accounting for businesses. This method records revenue when earned and expenses when incurred. It’s important to note that accrual accounting is not a double-entry system — there’s no need to record every transaction twice, as in cash-based accounting systems. Instead, an accrual basis requires only that you track how much money comes into your business and how much money goes out each quarter.If an expense isn’t paid until later, it must be recorded on your business books as an “unpaid” expense.

2. Accounting vouchers

Vouchers are used by small businesses that don’t have enough time or resources to keep track of all their transactions manually — they use computer software instead. Vouchers allow companies to enter information into their accounting software easily, but they don’t replace paper records completely because they’re still subject to human error (such as forgetting about an expense). Accounting vouchers are used to track payments made to suppliers and customers. They should include details such as when and how much was paid, who paid it and where it was paid from (bank account or cash). You should take the time to learn about the different accounting vouchers like cash vouchers. However, when you are learning about this accounting voucher learn about these in detail. For instance, in the case of cash vouchers, you should take the time to understand the cash voucher format and when its to be used.

3. Materiality

Materiality means that you have to make sure that your accounting records are accurate and up-to-date. You have to keep track of every penny you spend, from the purchase price of your inventory to the amount paid for each customer or client. You also need to know how much money you make on each sale so that you can pay attention to expenses and make sure they’re reasonable and appropriate. Hence in a way, materiality is the amount of money or assets that are affected by a transaction. If you have 10,000 in cash and make a sale for 20,000, you’ve made a material gain on your business operations. The difference between what you paid for something and its fair market value is considered material to the operation of your business. Materiality also applies to inventory items that are sold at a loss. For example, if you have 5,000 worth of inventory on hand and it sells for 7,000 less than its cost, it was sold at a loss but wasn’t material because only 4,000 was affected by the transaction (the remaining 1,000 could be used for other purposes).

  1. Accounting period: A company must report its financial results for a specific time period known as its accounting period. For example, a company might report its results for January through March instead of April through June because it has more time to analyze data from earlier months than it does from later ones.