Renewable Energy in Developing Countries


In order to address the global challenges of climate change, the world needs more renewable energy sources. Energy supply and security are crucial issues for the future of human society, and developing countries have increased their power consumption to meet rising demand. The report provides insights into past, current, and future power consumption trends for developing countries. The data presented in this report help policymakers determine which renewable energy sources will have the greatest impact on developing countries’ economies.

Many developing countries are well positioned to benefit from the latest technology in energy and environmental protection. They typically possess large natural resources for renewable energy and lack a significant legacy energy system. Additionally, they tend to have large rural populations without access to modern forms of energy. By implementing new technologies, these countries have the potential to leapfrog to advanced energy systems that are both cost effective and environmentally benign. Renewable energy sources are more appropriate for rural areas where access to energy is limited.

Clean energy sources should be used for all sectors of the economy, from residential to commercial to industrial to transportation. Renewable energy sources should be used for cooking, which is an indispensable part of daily life, but also consumes large amounts of energy. In rural areas, for instance, people rely on coal, wood, or kerosene to cook. This wasteful practice carries negative health and social implications. Fortunately, these resources can be converted into clean energy sources in developing countries.