The Paragard IUD is a popular form of long-acting, reversible birth control that is made of a small, T-shaped device inserted into the uterus. It has been used by millions of women worldwide and is marketed as a safe and effective method of contraception. 

However, recent reports and lawsuits have raised concerns about the potential negative impacts of the Paragard IUD on women’s health. In fact, in 2022, multidistrict litigation (MDL) was created to address the issue. As of mid-August 2022, there were approximately 1,314 plaintiffs who were part of the Paragard IUD Lawsuit MDL. 

However, in July 2022, the judge presiding over the MDL issued an order for plaintiffs to submit certain discovery documents, which is a key step toward moving the case forward. 

According to TorHoerman Law, a Discovery Conference has been arranged for May 13th to delve deeper into the scientific basis of injuries and the legitimacy of claims. As the legal proceedings progress, it is crucial to keep track of any new developments and their potential effects on women’s health.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the Paragard IUD and its potential impact on women’s health.

What is the Paragard IUD?

Before we dive into the potential health impacts of the Paragard IUD, let’s first understand what it is and how it works. The Paragard IUD is a copper intrauterine device that works by releasing copper ions into the uterus, which creates a hostile environment for sperm and prevents fertilization. The device is inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider and can last up to 10 years.

The Paragard IUD, Complications and Its Side Effects

While the Paragard IUD is marketed as a safe and effective method of birth control, it is not without its potential side effects. According to the Paragard IUD’s prescribing information, the most common side effects include irregular periods, heavier menstrual bleeding, and cramping. These side effects are typically mild and improve over time.

However, some women have reported more serious side effects from the Paragard IUD. These include:

Migration and Perforation

One of the most serious side effects of the Paragard IUD is migration and perforation. This occurs when the device moves from its original position in the uterus and punctures the uterine wall. This can cause serious pain, bleeding, and even infection.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Another potential side effect associated with the Paragard IUD is ectopic pregnancy, where a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. This can be a severe medical condition that poses a risk to the woman’s life and requires urgent medical attention.

Copper Poisoning

The Paragard IUD works by releasing copper ions into the uterus. While this is a safe and effective method of birth control for most women, some women may experience copper toxicity. Symptoms of copper toxicity include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

The Paragard IUD and Lawsuits

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of lawsuits filed against the makers of the Paragard IUD. These lawsuits allege that the device can cause serious harm, including migration and perforation, ectopic pregnancy, and other complications discussed earlier. 

Moreover, some women have reported requiring surgery to remove the Paragard IUD, which can be both painful and expensive. Recent research conducted in 2022 suggests that the device may not be as safe as previously believed. 

The study revealed that there were 4,144 reported cases of breakage for copper IUDs, as compared to 2,140 for hormonal IUDs. It was found that the number of copper IUD breaks (9.6%) was disproportionately higher than that of hormonal IUDs (1.7%) among the 170,215 adverse events that were reported.

In 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication regarding the Paragard IUD. The communication warned that the device could break during removal, potentially causing serious harm to the patient. The FDA also noted that some women might experience pain and bleeding during removal and that healthcare providers should be trained in the removal process.

What Should You Do if You Have a Paragard IUD?

If you have a Paragard IUD and are experiencing any of the potential side effects, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider as soon as possible. They can evaluate your symptoms and determine the best course of action. 

If you are considering using the Paragard IUD, it is important to weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks and to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.


The Paragard IUD is a popular form of long-acting, reversible birth control that has been used by millions of women worldwide. While it is generally considered safe and effective, there are potential side effects and risks that women should be aware of before choosing this method of birth control. 

It is important for women to have open and honest conversations with their healthcare providers about their contraceptive options and to weigh the potential risks and benefits of each. 

If you are experiencing any adverse symptoms from the Paragard IUD, seek medical attention immediately and consider speaking with a lawyer about your legal rights. 

As always, taking an active role in your own healthcare is the best way to ensure your health and well-being.